Internment and Transit Camps Correspondence
Relavé, Jean in Saint-Étienne
Very beautiful and moving letter. According to the Mémorial de la Déportation des Juifs de France
by Klarsfeld, André Basch was part of convoy no.50 which left Drancy on March 4, 1943 for the
extermination camp of Majdanek. A note in the margin of the letter states that Basch was arrested
on February 20th. According to Klarsfeld, there were two departures from Gurs for Drancy : one on
February 26 and the other during the night of March 2-3. A total of 888 men from 16 to 65 years of
age and from Gurs formed that convoy no.50. Basch, born on November 16, 1890, was 52 and
probably went directly to the gas chamber on arrival at Majdanek.
Opened in April 1939, Gurs will become one of the most important internment camps of the nonoccupied
zone. It was first populated by Spanish refugees then by Jews, Communists and other
persons judged undesirable by the German authorities. The camp was closed by mid-1943.
There were some convoys from Gurs to Auschwitz.