The three case studies in this theme illustrate the variety of ways in which women assisted in the war effort during the First and Second World Wars. While their best-known and recognised contribution was as nurses
in both wars, their role of "support and substitution
" in both Canada and Britain in the First World War is illustrated here, as is the more dramatic contribution which cost four young women their lives
In addition to these case studies, women are also featured in the counterpoint theme to this one, Women for Peace. Women also appear elsewhere under various themes: Marion S. Simpson under The Hamilton Connection, Constance Malleson and Jane Abbott under Civilians Caught up In War, and Vera Brittain under Life at the Front.
There are five photographs of nurses in Alexandria and Palestine in 1918 belonging to W. Bailey included in the theme The First World War in the Middle East. As our case studies demonstrate, while men were away at war, women took up the jobs at home formerly done by men. A poster from the United War Work Campaign illustrates this shift in responsibilities, as does a photograph of female employees of Cockshutt Plow Co., included below, showing the women confidently wearing their work overalls.